By Farooq Tariq
Masses have spoken once again. They do not like the military
dictatorship. They want Musharaf out. They have acted in their
own manner to express their hope to oust Musharaf. Massive anti
Musharaf vote on 18 February 2021 across Pakistan speak for itself.
Anyone seems to be supporting the military dictatorship has been
punished. The pro Musharaf Muslim League Q (PMLQ) lost badly despite
the entire pre poll rigging. The religious fundamentalist parties
taking part in the elections were the worst hit. It was an electoral
revolution against the military dictatorship. Thanks to the advocates
movement that has spearhead the struggle against Musharaf in a
Contrary to the analysis of many, the boycott campaign by All
Parties Democratic Movement (APDM) helped anti Musharaf vote to
express in a united manner. The tone of all the 18 mass rallies
of APDM was anti Musharaf. The boycott campaign was particularly
successful in Baluchistan and North West Frontier Province (NWFP).
Here the split in MMA on the question of boycott strategy was
the fundamental reason for the victory of Awami National Party
(ANP) and Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP).
If APDM parties would have taken part in the elections, MMA might
have been united. In that case, they might not been humiliated
the way they have been now. From 13 percent in 2002 general elections,
they have gone down to less than five percent. They cannot play
any part in any future governments formation strategy.
If Imran Khans Pakistan Tehreek Insaaf, the Left parties
and the nationalist parties of Baluchistan and NWFP who are the
main parties behind APDM, were to take part in the general elections,
the anti Musharaf vote would have been divided. It may have helped
the PMLQ to win some more seats.
It was an all out attack on Musharaf from all fronts. Those boycotting
and those participating had one popular slogan in common, go
The advocates movement and the courageous stand by the
top judges had made Musharaf very unpopular. He did not believed
the pre poll surveys, which predicted less than 12 percent support
The defeat of pro Musharaf parties has a lot of parallel to the
historic defeat of Bartiya Junta Party (BJP) during the 2004 Indian
general elections. The so-called India shining sloganeering
was repeated by PMLQ during this election campaign by massive
advertisements in the electronic and print media. The development
at the cost of suffering of human beings will never pay back in
political terms is a lesson of this humiliated defeat of PMLQ.
PMLQ leader Choudry Shujaat Hussain was so convinced of his development
work in his constituency that he slept in the afternoon of the
Election Day. He commented on 16 February 2021 to a private television
channel GEO, I have provided electricity to every village
of his constituency, there is no need for more campaign.
He lost both seats that he was contesting. He forgot that while
he provided electricity to all the villages of his constituency
at the cost of other districts but the prices of every day items
had not come down but increased tremendously.
The PMLN landslide in Punjab was due to Nawaz Sharif clear stand
on the restoration of the judiciary, lowering of prices and no
compromise with Musharaf dictatorship. The demand of restoration
of top judges is very popular in Punjab particularly where the
advocate movement has been more vocal.
Unfortunately, Pakistan Peoples Party of assassinated Benazir
Bhutto hesitated on the question and ultimately decided not to
support the demand of restoration of judges. It paid the price
in Punjab where despite the entire sympathy wave; PPP was unable
to capitalize fully the anti Musharaf vote.
Masses have spoken. Now the leaders of PPP and PMLN have to act
accordingly. They must demand an immediate resignation of Musharaf.
They must take up the restoration question of judges immediately.
They must not share power with Musharaf.
They must change the economic priorities of Musharaf era, the
implementation of neo liberal agenda. The masses has suffered
a lot because of these polices. There has been unprecedented price
hike because of the so-called free market policies. Musharaf has
acted upon every advice of IMF and World Bank. His tall claim
of economic growth stands absolute exposed.
I wrote an article, Can Musharaf Survive on 25 January
2008. It starts from this paragraph,
It seems that Musharaf is on his last leg. He has become
the most detested and despicable president in the history of Pakistan
. No longer are there progressives, liberals or moderates in his
camp. His enlightened moderation has been buried with the passage
It goes on, The Pakistan Muslim league Q (PMLQ), Musharaf
favorite, is in absolute crisis after the recent shortages of
food items, electricity and gas. The PMLQ candidates are the target
of anti-Musharaf consciousness. The general perception is that
if you are against Musharaf; do not vote for the PMLQ. Following
Benazir assassination, the wave of sympathy has opposed the PMLQ.
Unless there is an all-out rigging of the election, there is no
guarantee that Musharaf supported candidates will win the election.
If Pakistan Peoples Party and Pakistan Muslim league Nawaz (PMLN)
candidates gain a majority in the next parliament, Musharaf will
find very difficult to repeat what he did following the 2002 election,
when he bribed many PMLN and PPP parliamentarians to join hands
with the PMLQ to form a majority government.
It ends on this note, Boycott, or no boycott, the future
scenario seems more and more problematic for Musharaf. His departure
seems written on the front door of every home.
We had understood the processes that were going on among the
working class in Pakistan . Unfortunately, the Labour Party Pakistan
had not the mass basis to bring this anti Musharaf consciousness
to its conclusion, the end of capitalism and feudalism and for
a Socialist Pakistan.
LPP along with other Left parties will continue to press demands
for the total isolation of military from politics. Those responsible
for atrocities under military dictatorships be brought in peoples
courts, a real accountability for the generals in politics.
The vote on 18 February is vote of no confidence on Musharaf
policies. PPP and PMLN must change the course of economic policies
of Musharaf. Otherwise, with a brief period of honeymoon, they
will be seen as those who have betrayed the wishes of masses.
The parties of the rich and capitalist, the PPP and PMLN have
been able to capitalize on anti Musharaf feelings of the masses.
They cannot go very far on the dictations of IMF and World Bank.
There is no other alternative but to build a party of the working
class. That is what Labour Party Pakistan is all about.