| In1986 a new, small but
flamboyant element had entered the politics of Pakistani left: Struggle
Group. It was a group of activists organised around a monthly: Mazdoor
Jeddojuhd/ Workers Struggle. Formed in 1980 in Netherlands, the
Struggle Group was working on enterist policy in PPP 'since it was
a period of fight back for democracy and working class had many
illusions in PPP'. In 1986, main Struggle leadership ended its exile
and returned to Pakistan as there were limited liberties available
now under military dictatorship.
The collapse of Stalinism in Soviet Union shattered the Pakistani
left and it almost disappeared. Meantime, the military regime
came to an end in 1988 and fresh elections were held. Benazir
took oath as the first woman prime minister of a Muslim country
only to disillusion the working classes. Disillusionment with
PPP and break-up of USSR generated hopelessness and desperation.
Mass consciousness went through a big change.
The early 1990's were a period of counter-revolutionary consciousness
in Pakistan giving birth to the rise of religious fundamentalism.
The Struggle Group ended the enterist policy in view of its correct
perspective that working class would leave the PPP from now on
and an alternative should be built. To build this alternative
party, it launched Jeddojuhd Inqlabi Tehrik/ Struggle Revolutionary
Movement (JIT) in 1993. The JIT was a movement for the formation
of a workers party in collaboration with the trade union movement.
The JIT leadership had its political schooling in West Europe.
It had the model of Europe's working class parties in mind. It
therefore was instrumental in building Pakistan Workers Confederation:
a replica of Swedish LO. The JIT wanted this PWC to go beyond
to form a party of the workers and for the workers. The PWC was
formed in 1994 but it has yet to take such a political turn. If
it takes that turn at all. In 1997, after some initial success,
JIT formed the Labour Party of Pakistan (LPP).
The LPP has achieved some success since its formation in getting
semi-mass basis in some region. Its collaboration with National
Trade Union Federation, a major national centre, and its active
participation in peasants struggle in Punjab on military farms
has helped it build its basis in workers and peasants. It at present
has members all across members but main base remains Punjab and